INGO's and public management: the case of Human Rights Watch

Informace o vysokoškolské kvalifikační práci

Název práce:
INGO's and public management: the case of Human Rights Watch
Autor práce:
Brüggemann, Jörn Tobias
Typ práce:
Diplomová práce / info:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis
Vedoucí práce:
Dvořáková, Vladimíra
Osoba oponující práci:
Vymětal, Petr
Jazyk práce:
English
Abstrakt:
The purpose of this master thesis was to gain more insights into the actual impact that INGOs like Human Rights Watch incorporate as part of global politics. The case of HRW proved to be a great example, which had been largely neglected by the academic analysts so far. The theoretical framework introduced important implications necessary to understand the influence of INGOs to date. Based on a constructivist thinking, it was possible to outline a global political order, which is tremendously influenced by civil society actors such as INGOs. Especially the increasing significance of norms within an internationally arena -- that is becoming more and more connected -- gives impetus to actors that base their work on these collective beliefs. The deliberative power incorporated by INGOs enables them to actually challenge nation-states as well as market representatives by transforming the public sphere thoroughly. Human Rights Watch as particular case study has been analyzed as an organization that epitomizes the power of a rising global civil society. Throughout their historical development, HRW actively contributed to the defense of human rights against repressive governments as well as other violators. Obviously, the foundation of HRW was to a tremendous extent dependent on an overall evolution of human rights within the international arena. The end of the Second World War and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the United Nations paved the way for human rights to become an official and crucial part of international affairs. However, it took until the mid-70s when human rights turned into a major paradigm to be followed by nation-states. With the emergence of Helsinki Watch and the consequent evolution of other watch committees, the non-governmental organization strongly engaged with repressive governments (regardless of political orientation) in various regions of the world. Analyzing the contemporary organizational structure of HRW has been a difficult task due to relatively little information available. However, one can clearly state that HRW nowadays acts as a human rights defending organization that is virtually able to respond to abuses in every corner of the world. Its eagerness to review organizational process and adjust to novel human rights issues provides HRW with a unique flexibility and a large room for operations. This is also further strengthened through the integration of HRW within the international arena when considering their consultative status at the United Nations, the platform for worldwide relevant negotiations. Their growing presence in major capitals in conjunction with effective methodological approaches frequently permits HRW employees to meet up with heads of states. The impact this might have on the domestic opposition as well as on the actual socialization of norms has been described with the help of the example from Mexico, where the government refused to deal with forced disappearances. By actively engaging on-site, HRW tremendously fostered civil society movements that were otherwise unheard and powerless. As indicated in line with the spiral model, the intervention of HRW transformed the public sphere and boosted the dialogue between public and civil society representatives. The eagerness of the Mexican government to implement changes must be perceived as a success of HRW in its pursuit to defend human rights.
Klíčová slova:
Global Civil Society; Human Rights Watch; INGO

Informace o studiu

Studijní program a Studijní obor:
Mezinárodní ekonomické vztahy/International and Diplomatic Studies
Typ studijního programu:
Magisterský navazující studijní program
Jméno přidělované hodnosti:
Ing.
Instituce přidělující hodnost:
University of Economics, Prague
Název fakulty:
Faculty of International Relations
Název katedry:
Department of Political Sciences
Instituce archivující a zpřístupňující VŠKP:
University of Economics, Prague

Informace o odevzdání a obhajobě

Datum zadání práce:
28. 6. 2013
Datum podání práce:
20. 4. 2014
Datum obhajoby:
09.09.2014

Soubory ke stažení

Hlavní práce:
43539_xbruj12.pdf [1005,45 kB]
Oponentura:
38824_vymetal.pdf [67,50 kB]
Hodnocení vedoucího:
43539_dvorakv.pdf [63,75 kB]

Údaje ze systému InSIS

Identifikátor:
https://insis.vse.cz/zp/43539/podrobnosti